HUMAN RIGHTS IN A EUROPEAN COMMUNITY OF VALUES

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Conclusions of the Italian Mobility

17. 05. 08
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HUMREV Project – The Right to Work: a EU overview - 2nd Mobility Week in Italy 16th-22nd October 2016

Questions Finland Germany Italy Poland Spain

Documents that establish the right to work

-ILO (UN’s Internat. Labour Organization)

- Constitution and working legislation

-Constitution (Art.12 & 74)

-Book of industrial law (1977)

-Constitution (1948)

Labour Code (1974)

-Constitution

-Statute of the Rights for Workers (1980)

-Labour Reform 2012

Organizations that help people to find a job

- public employment

- business services

-Job information centre (BiZ)

- job orientation at school

- “BOGY”

- 3 main employment agencies: ADECCO,

Obiettivo Lavoro, In Job

-Labour Office

-Employment Agency

-Training Institutions

-Social Dialogue

       Institutions

-Voluntary Labour Corp

-main employment     office belongs to the

Ministry

-regional agencies

SERVEF (in the Valencian Community)

Current unemployment situation

7,2% (August 2016)

10% youngsters aged 16-25

Youth Guarantee provides work / education within 3 months of unemployment

4.2% (July 2016)

11.4% (July 2016)

45% Youth unemployment rate (<25 years)

Nearly 8% (2016)

(10% in 2014)

*

19.5% (July 2016)

45% Youth unemployment rate (<25 years)

Minimum age to get a job

15 yrs

14 only with parents’permission

-13 to 14 yrs – easy work, max 2 hours/day

-15 to 17 yrs : max 8.5 hours/day, 5 days/week

- >18 : same rules as adults

16 years

-16 yrs - part time job

-18 yrs - full time job

-Vacation jobs for teenagers

18 years

16 to 18 with parents’ consent

Average retirement age

63-68 years

- Official retirement age

65 years

- actual   retirement age:

61.8 years average

(67 years from 2029)

66.7 years public employees

65.7 to 66.7 private employees

66.1 to 66.7 autonomous job

Early retirement:

41 years+10 months contributions (women)

42 years+10 months contributions (men)

2% less pay

60-67 for women

65-67 for men

Minimal amount of pension = 880 PLN

65.4 years

67 in 2027

Minimum salary guaranteed for unemployed people

- depends on family situation

- € 399 – adult (single)

For people who earn less than € 3,000/year

650 PLN – in first 3 months

830 PLN – in next months

€ 497 / month

(without children)

€ 664.75

(with children)

Maternity leave

9 months

From 6 weeks before and 12 weeks after baby’s birth

65-67% pay

1 month before and 4 months after baby’s birth

12 months – fully paid

16 consecutive weeks

( 6 weeks are mandatory)

Sick leave

<=10 days full salary

>10 days min €24/day

-70% pay

-10 days extra holidays if kids are sick

Pay regulated by collective agreements

paid 80% of regular salary

1-3 days = % pay

4-20 days=60% pay

>21 days = 75% pay

Paid holidays

5 weeks/year (tied to income)

Approx. 29 days/year

32 days (public employees)

20 days – <10 years’ work

26 days – > 10 years’ work

35 weeks

Gender pay gap

*

2015:

Woman’s euro=83c.

*

2006= 23%

2015=21%

On average Women have a lower remuneration: between 10 and 30% less.

Men may earn even 1000 PLN more than women

Almost 25% less

The role of trade unions

An established part in institutionalised decisions

-role of connection between workers and their employers

-protect workers’ rights

-consist of employees

-protect workers’ rights

-ensure the compliance of labour laws

-organise demonstrations and strikes

-fight for job security, good working conditions,decent wage levels

In every country the reference document for the right to work is the Constitution except for Poland where there is a Labour code.

The organizations that help people to find a job are mainly agencies that may be public or private.

The countries in the South of Europe have the higher unemployment rate according to the latest EU reports.

The minimum age to get a job is 14 years of age in Finland and Germany, while in the other countries it is between 16 and 18.

In all countries the average retirement age is 63-64.

In almost all countries (except Finland) there is a sum given to unemployed people.

The maternity leave is recognized in every country but it ranges from 4 to 12 months according to the collective agreements.

Sick leave is guaranteed but it is paid differently according to each country’s legislation.

Holidays are paid from a minimum of 20 days to a maximum of 35.

The gender pay gap is present in each country and it ranges from 10% to 30% less compared to men’s pay.

In all countries Trade Unions still play an important role in the protection of workers’ right.

Human Rights in a European Community of Values